Battleship Gangut-class battleship … Although the ships are no longer capable of venturing into open ocean, these units remain on the People's Liberation Army Navy’s list of its reserve fleet, actively used as weaponry training boats for naval militia in various military maritime districts in China. [20], The ships were originally intended to be laid down 1 September 1939, but they were delayed until November to allow improvements to the shipyards to be completed. It was 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) high of which 1.6 meters (5 ft 3 in) was intended to be submerged as originally designed. Their elevation limits were -5° to +45° with a fixed loading angle of 8°. 1,500 tons (2 active, 3 building) Vasily Bykov (2018) and Dmitriy Rogachev (2019) Novorossiysk, Black Sea Fleet Buyan and Buyan-M Class LOA 203' and 246' TDISP… The metacentric height was 2.8 meters (9 ft 2 in) for the 305 mm gunned ships, but dropped to 2.58 meters (8 ft 6 in) in the 380 mm gunned ships. They had a fixed loading angle of 6° and their rate of fire varied with the time required to relay the gun. Kronshtadt is primarily designed to destroy enemy cruisers. Home Military units and formations Wikipedia categories named after military units and formations Soviet Navy Ships of the Soviet Navy Poti-class corvette. As well as this, twenty Project 357 (Libau class) despatch vessels were built on the same hull, but were lightly armed. [5] Their elevation limits were -5.5° to +30° with a fixed loading angle of 2.5°. She was laid down 30 November 1939 and judged 10.6% complete when the Germans invaded. Armor plate production was even more problematic as only 27,438 metric tons (27,005 long tons) were delivered in 1940 of the anticipated 30,000–32,000 metric tons (29,526–31,495 long tons) and 30–40% of that was rejected. This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 09:08. They were designed in response to the battleships being built by Germany. So the barbette of turret number two had to be raised to clear turret number one and the height of the conning tower had to be raised to clear turret number two. They could elevate to a maximum of 85° and depress to -8°. Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 21 March Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-282: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 31 March Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-283: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 15 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-284: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 3 May However, World War I and the Russian Civil War interrupted the construction of the Russian Borodino-class ships and all were scrapped. This meant that a lot of horsepower was necessary to achieve even modest speeds. The turrets could elevate at a rate of 6° per second and traverse at 5° per second. [22], Side view as the design appeared in early 1939. [9], The main turrets had 305 mm faces and backs and 125-millimeter (4.9 in) sides and roofs. Титушкин С. И. Большие морские охотники проекта 122. Looks like we get a new Soviet premium battleships cruiser, presumably as the first free xp cruiser. The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. Stalin. So the middle deck was thickened to 90-millimeter (3.5 in) with the lower deck intended to catch any splinters penetrating the armor deck. Certain elements not to scale. A revised, 35,000-ton design with 152-millimeter (6.0 in) guns and extra armor was submitted to the State Defense Council in January 1939. "The Kronshtadt Class Battle Cruisers". Gunnery focused with great ballistics and short-range torpedoes 2. Stalin’s insistence of proceeding with the Stalingrad class over the concerns of his officers is typical of the period. The secondary turrets had 100 mm faces with 50-millimeter (2.0 in) sides and roofs and 75-millimeter (3.0 in) barbettes. In Preston, Anthony. He then asked if twin 380-millimeter (15.0 in) turrets could be used instead. Their rate of fire also varied with the elevation from 7.5 to 4.8 rounds per minute. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. Photo via German Federal Archives. Large in size with long Rudder Shift Time 3. Great for setting enemy Battleships on fire from a distance 5. Both ships, Kronshtadt and Sevastopol were commissioned in 1936. [1], However the Soviet Navy still felt a need for a fast ship that could deal with enemy cruisers and the original concept was revived as Project 69. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, to which the Soviets were not a signatory. Only Kronshtadt's hull survived the war reasonably intact and was about 10% complete in 1945. [9], Luftwaffe reconnaissance photo of Kronshtadt under construction in late 1941; her stern section is in the right midsection of the photograph, The Soviet shipbuilding and related industries proved to be incapable of supporting the construction of the four Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships as well as the two Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers at the same time. The riveted hull was subdivided by 24 transverse bulkheads and used longitudinal framing in the citadel, but transverse framing for the structure fore and aft of the citadel. The first Chinese built unit entered service in 1957 and was designated as the, Качур П. И. Большие охотники за подводными лодками проекта 122а/122бис //. However, this decision occurred right before the Great Purge began to hit the Navy in August 1937 and two of the ship's designers were arrested and executed within a year. Type: Battlecruiser Service Period: 1936-1954 … Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-190: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-191: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-193: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 11 May This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR). A large gunship officially designated as a heavy cruiser but more of a high-speed "small battleship" by technical characteristics. [12], The secondary armament consisted of eight 57-caliber B-38 152 mm guns mounted in four dual MK-4 turrets concentrated at the forward end of the superstructure. [21], Kronshtadt (Russian: Кронштадт) was built by the Shipyard No. Two mounts were abreast the forward funnel, two just abaft the rear funnel and the last two on the centerline of the aft superstructure superfiring over the rear main gun turret. [15], Light AA defense was handled by six quadruple, water-cooled, 46-K mounts fitted with 37 mm (1.5 in) 70-K guns. It was a smaller and less-expensive counterpart to the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers of 1939. 200, 61 Communards in Nikolayev. A revised design was finished by October which was wargamed against the Japanese Kongō-class battlecruisers, the French Dunkerque-class battleships as well as the Scharnhorst class. They produced a total of 210,000 shp (156,597 kW). Product Description This 1/1800 scale model represents the Kronshtadt-class submarine chasers; two hundered and twenty-seven were built. Despite their obsolescence, these boats remained active well into the mid-1990s. Battleship 'B' was redesignated as Project 25 and given the task of destroying Treaty cruisers and German pocket battleships. The normal fuel oil capacity was 2,920 metric tons (2,874 long tons), which provided an estimated endurance of 1,100 nautical miles (2,040 km; 1,270 mi) at full speed. The second boiler room contained four boilers and was followed by a turbine room for the central shaft. The belt was 185 meters (606 ft 11 in) long and covered 76.8 percent of the waterline; forward of this was a 20 mm belt that extended all the way to the bow. Project 122bis (NATO codename Kronshtadt class) submarine chasers were a Soviet design which were exported throughout the communist bloc in the 1950s. However, with the Kronshtadt, the B-38 guns were prepared in time for use on … ... 219 vessels of various classes, 71 aircraft and 126 pieces of combat vehicles. 380–86. 1/1800th scale Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser model. The order also included 10-meter (33 ft) rangefinders and 150-centimeter (59 in) searchlights. The Veer - class corvettes of the Indian Navy are a customized Indian variant of the Soviet Tarantul class They form the 22nd Killer Missile Vessel Squadron Tar. 100 rounds per gun were carried. The gun fired 470-kilogram (1,040 lb) armor-piercing projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 47,580 meters (52,030 yd). McLaughlin, Stephen (2004). The ships were partially redesigned to accommodate them, after construction had already begun, but no turrets were actually delivered before Operation Barbarossa. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. Prototypes of neither had been completed by the time the Germans invaded. [16], The ships had relatively light armor. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The situation was not much better for the smaller guns as mountings for both the 152 mm and 100 mm guns were still incomplete on 22 June 1941 and all of these programs were terminated quickly afterwards. pp. The Kronshtadt Class Battlecruiser was the lighter Soviet counterpart to the Sovetskaya Rossiya-class battleship. Their rate of fire was 2.3 rounds per minute. The upper deck was only 14 millimeters (0.55 in) thick and was intended to initiate shell and bomb fuzes. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. The first ship, BO-270, was built at Zelenodolsk in 1945-1947 and a total of 227 were built for Soviet Navy (175) and border guard until 1955. The turrets were based on the MK-2 turrets planned for the Project 25 large cruiser. It covered 61.5% of the ship's length and had a total depth of 6 meters (19 ft 8 in), that reduced to 4 meters (13 ft 1 in) forward and aft where the hull lines became finer. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers are a class of battlecruisers developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the early 1930s. Traditional Soviet secrecy about technical naval matters had The forward turrets were inboard and above the outer turrets which provided both turrets with good arcs of fire. This was presented to the State Defense Committee on 11 February 1941, but the design was not approved until 10 April when it ordered that the first two ships be completed with German guns while the others would continue to use the 305 mm guns. This mean that the main belt had to be extended upwards to meet the main armor deck at a significant penalty in weight. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. They had a maximum range of 36,520 meters (39,940 yd) with a 800-kilogram (1,800 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 820 m/s (2,700 ft/s). A total of sixteen ships were planned in the August 1939 building program, but this was scaled back to four in July 1940 and two in October 1940 when it became clear just how unprepared the Soviets were for any large-scale naval construction program. The rather-poor Myasischev M-4 Bison jet bomber was one such project demanded by Stalin because he wanted a plane that could … Additionally, vessels of this class in Chinese service are used to take Chinese children enrolled in military / naval summer camps and junior military / naval academies for short cruises for patriotic education and public relations missions. The Soviets had been working on a small battleship design (Battleship 'B') for service in the Baltic and Black Seas and had to shrink it as a result of these discussions to a size close to that of the Project 22 large cruiser so that the latter was cancelled. The original role was for a light, fast ship intended to break up attacks by British fast-cruiser forces that might attempt bombardment of Russia's northern ports. Krupp had six incomplete turrets on hand that had originally been ordered before the war to rearm the Scharnhorst-class battleships, but they were cancelled after the start of World War II when the Germans decided that they could not afford to have the ships out of service during the war. They fired 15.6-kilogram (34 lb) high explosive shells at a muzzle velocity of 895 m/s (2,940 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 22,241 meters (24,323 yd) against surface targets, but their maximum range against aerial targets was 9,895 meters (32,464 ft), the limit of their time fuse. They were laid down in 1939, with an estimated completion date in 1944, but Stalin's naval construction program proved to be more than the shipbuilding and armaments industries could handle. It asked for another design, displacing 23,000 metric tons (22,637 long tons) and armed with 254-millimeter (10.0 in) guns, in early 1936, eventually designated Project 22, but this design was cancelled after the Soviets began negotiations in mid-1936 with the British that ultimately resulted in the Anglo-Soviet Quantitative Naval Agreement of 1937 and agreed to follow the terms of the Second London Naval Treaty which limited battleships to a displacement of 35,000 long tons (35,562 t). KRONSHTADT, July 26. Add your article. The Kronshtadts were specifically built to counter the threat of the german Bismarck-class. Furthermore the armor plants proved to be incapable of making cemented plates over 230 mm and inferior face-hardened plates had to substituted for all thicknesses over 200 millimeters (7.9 in). Borodino-class vessel under construction in Saint Petersburg in 1916. Toledo, OH: International Naval Research Organization. She was captured by the Germans when they occupied Nikolayev in late 1941, but the Germans did little with her other than to use some of her material for defensive positions and some was apparently shipped to Germany. [14], Heavy anti-aircraft (AA) fire was provided by eight 56-caliber 100 mm B-34 dual-purpose guns in four twin MZ-16 turrets mounted at the aft end of the superstructure with the aft turrets mounted inboard of the forward turrets. This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. The Shipbuilding Commissariat reported on 17 April that it was possible so the agreement was finalized in November 1940 with the deliveries scheduled from October 1941 to 28 March 1943. [18], Two KDP-8-III fire-control directors were used to control the main armament. 194, Marti in Leningrad. The underwater protection was an American-style design with a bulge and four longitudinal bulkheads intended to withstand a 500-kilogram (1,102 lb) warhead of TNT. Upload media ... Media in category "Kronshtadt class cruiser" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. Another problem were the 305 mm guns and turrets as the armament factories were focused on the higher-priority guns for the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships. Project 122bis (NATO codename Kronshtadt class) submarine chasers were a Soviet design which were exported throughout the communist bloc in the 1950s. The guns could be depressed to −3° and elevated to 45°. There were two other small boilers for harbor service and to power the auxiliary machinery. 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