Average depth is 21 feet (6.4 m), reaching a maximum of 174 feet (53 m). Journal of Physical Oceanography. (2014). [9] Sea level rise also compounds the effects of extreme weather on the bay, making coastal flooding as part of the events more extreme and increasing runoff from upstream in the watershed. Der Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel (die offizielle Bezeichnung ist Lucius J. Kellam Jr. Bridge-Tunnel) ist mit 37 km Länge eine der größten Brücken-Tunnel-Bauten der Welt.Er verbindet den Bereich Hampton Roads, Virginia mit der Delmarva-Halbinsel (auch Eastern Shore genannt) über den US 13.Er wurde in der Zeit von 1960–1964 (erster Bauabschnitt) und 1995–1999 gebaut. ;, in 1607, the three ships carrying English settlers to Virginia sailed into this bay;, Life was rough for settlers in this area. The Bay is located in the Mid-Atlantic region and is primarily separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the Delmarva Peninsula (including the parts: the Eastern Shore of Maryland / Eastern Shore of Virginia and the state of Delaware) with its mouth of the Bay at the south end located between Cape Henry and Cape Charles. How do you use Chesapeake Bay in a sentence? Information and translations of chesapeake bay retriever in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The freshwater zone runs from the mouth of the Susquehanna River to north Baltimore. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? The tea was hidden by the British to avoid conflict with the colonists as the recently imposed tea tax had created hostility and uncertainty among the colonies. Partners in the Chesapeake Bay Program recognize that participation in strong, targeted environmental education programs, especially in the context of one's community and culture, provide a vital foundation for watershed stewardship. In the 1960s, the Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant on the historic Calvert Cliffs in Calvert County on the Western Shore of Maryland began using water from the Bay to cool its reactor. ^ Charting the Chesapeake, 1590-1990, Maryland Manual On-Line, 2007, maryland.gov ^ A Dead Indian Language Is Brought Back to Life, washingtonpost.com These cliffs, generally known as Calvert Cliffs, are famous for their fossils, especially fossilized shark teeth, which are commonly found washed up on the beaches next to the cliffs. [91], Singer and songwriter Tom Wisner recorded several albums, often about the Chesapeake Bay. It's so damned beautiful.[42]. Chesapeake Bay Bridge Sunrise Panorama Ripples of the Chesapeake Bay gently lap the golden sands of Sandy Point State Park as the Chesapeake Bay Bridge stretches out along the horizon as the sun slowly rises. Chesapeake Bay Retriever Rassebeschreibung Der Chesapeake Bay Retriever wurde für die Wasserjagd gezüchtet. CB = Chesapeake Bay Suchen Sie nach einer allgemeinen Definition von CB? The Bay would again see conflict during War of 1812. It is rare for the surface of the Bay to freeze in winter, something that happened most recently in the winter of 1976–77.[16]. chesapeake bay stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Spring tides, when the sun-earth-moon system forms a line, cause the largest tidal amplitudes during lunar monthly tidal variations. [42] Compounding the problem is that 100,000 new residents move to the area each year. Meaning of chesapeake bay retriever. Larger fish such as Atlantic sturgeon,[20] varieties of sharks,[21][22] and stingrays visit the Chesapeake Bay. Chesapeake definition: city in SE Va., at the base of Chesapeake Bay : pop. [6][7] The health of the Chesapeake Bay improved in 2015, marking three years of gains over a four-year period, according to a 2016 report by the University of Maryland. [26][27] Endangered North Atlantic right whale[28] and fin, and minke and sei whales have also been sighted within and in the vicinity of the Bay. Vol. Definition of Chesapeake Bay in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. What are synonyms for Chesapeake Bay? [57], In the 1970s, the Chesapeake Bay was found to contain one of the planet's first identified marine dead zones, where waters were so depleted of oxygen that they were unable to support life, resulting in massive fish kills. There are several magazines and publications that cover topics directly related to the Chesapeake Bay and life and tourism within the Bay region. Beds of eelgrass, the dominant variety in the southern Chesapeake Bay, have shrunk by more than half there since the early 1970s. See synonyms for Chesapeake Bay proper noun A large inlet of the North Atlantic Ocean on the US coast that extends north for 200 miles (320 km) through the states of Virginia and Maryland. The large rivers entering the Bay from the west have broad mouths and are extensions of the main ria for miles up the course of each river. 200 miles (320 km) long; 4–40 miles (6–64 km) wide. After holding strong for some months, the British eventually dispersed the flotilla and dozens of these vessels were burnt and sunk. Susan Langley notes herself, “If you have only ten percent of a ship’s hull, you can reconstruct the ship. [19] The piping plover is a near threatened species that inhabits the wetlands.[19]. [3] Parts of the Bay, especially the Calvert County, Maryland, coastline, are lined by cliffs composed of deposits from receding waters millions of years ago. It is the largest such body in the contiguous US. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins The Chesapeake Bay (/ˈtʃɛsəpiːk/ CHESS-ə-peek) is the largest estuary in the United States. [12], Much of the Bay is shallow. The resulting loss of aquatic vegetation has depleted the habitat for much of the Bay's animal life. It may have been the first European expedition to explore parts of the Chesapeake Bay, which the Spaniards called "Bahía de Santa María" ("Bay of St. Mary") or "Bahía de Madre de Dios. The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary to the North Atlantic, lying between the Delmarva Peninsula to the east and the North American mainland to the west. [60], One particularly harmful source of toxicity is Pfiesteria piscicida, which can affect both fish and humans. Unable to accurately carbon date the stone tool, archaeologists looked at similar styles of blade carving in order to gauge when it was made. May 2009. The word Chesepiooc is an Algonquian word referring to a village 'at a big river'. [76] Key infrastructure in Virginia, such as the port of Norfolk,[76] and major agriculture and fishing industries of the Eastern Shore of Maryland will be directly impacted by the changes in the Bay. Serving as a watchdog, we fight for effective, science-based solutions to the pollution degrading the … [64] The Bay's oyster industry has also suffered from two diseases: MSX and Dermo.[67]. Our first two stops bring us to some of the well-known bays in the United States, which include the Chesapeake Bay and the San Francisco Bay. The Chesapeake Bay was the site of the Battle of the Chesapeake (also known as the "Battle of the Capes", Cape Charles and Cape Henry) in 1781, during which the French fleet defeated the Royal Navy in the decisive naval battle of the American Revolutionary War. The southern part of the bay is bordered by Virginia and its northern part by Maryland. 9. pp. Die folgende Abbildung zeigt eine der Definitionen von CB in Englisch: Chesapeake Bay. On average, the depth of the Bay is 21 feet (6.4 m), including tributaries;[13] over 24 percent of the Bay is less than 6 ft (2 m) deep. A second cause for the oyster depletion is that the drastic increase in human population caused a sharp increase in pollution flowing into the Bay. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition [44] One account: The Chesapeake oyster – sometimes called Chesapeake white gold – has a flavor and texture that begs connoisseurs to come back and shuck just a few more. Taking photos and videos, creating maps, and constructing models are all a part of the process of preserving remains. Model analysis focused on how seabed resuspension affected primary productivity and remineralization, as well as how changes in these processes affected oxygen and nitrogen dynamics. In 1524, Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, (1485–1528), in service of the French crown, (famous for sailing through and thereafter naming the entrance to New York Bay as the "Verrazzano Narrows", including now in the 20th century, a suspension bridge also named for him) sailed past the Chesapeake, but did not enter the Bay. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day, The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. As a result, tourism has a notable impact on Maryland's economy. Bottlenose dolphins are known to live seasonally/yearly in the Bay. 1. [5] Nutrient pollution and urban runoff have been identified as major components of impaired water quality in the bay stressing ecosystems and compounding the decline of shellfish due to overharvesting. An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean separating the Delmarva Peninsula from mainland Maryland and Virginia. The Chesapeake Bay is the ria, or drowned valley, of the Susquehanna, meaning that it was where the river flowed when the sea level was lower.It is not a fjord, as the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the bay.. All Free. [5], The primary problem is overharvesting. Chesapeake Bay - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. In 1982, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources along with the first State Underwater Archaeologist, John Broadwater, led an expedition to explore and research a sunken fleet of Revolution-era battleships. The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States. The nature-based recreation of wildlife, boating, and ecotourism are dependent on the Clean Water Act (CWA), that was enacted in order to maintain a polluted-free Bay. It is not a fjord, because the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the Bay. Dabei muss er nicht einfach nur durchs Wasser schwimmen und den Vogel oder andere Jagdbeute apportieren.. Chesapeake Bay Retriever Chesapeake Bay Retriever Gut zu wissen: Der Legende nach kamen 1807 zwei Welpen bei einem Schiffbruch an die Chesapeake Bay in Maryland, … Emporia State University. Lexicographical Neighbors of Chesapeake Bay. [84], Maryland has controlled the majority of underwater archaeology research around the Chesapeake Bay, however Virginia's Department of Historic Resources have had a State Underwater Archaeologist since the 1970s. However, according to Blair Rudes, linguist at the University of North Carolina, the name might actually mean something like "Great Water," or it might have been just a village at the bay's mouth. The crime rates are lower than in the surrounding cities, and the people tend to be happier. [63], While the Bay's salinity is ideal for oysters and the oyster fishery was at one time the Bay's most commercially viable,[64] the population has in the last fifty years been devastated. A good example of how the different Chesapeake Bay sites experience different tides can be seen in the tidal predictions published by the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (see figure at right). Oysters serve as natural water filters, and their decline has further reduced the water quality of the Bay. The colonists refused to pay the tax and after a few days of public meetings, the colonists decided to burn Peggy Stewart and the contents of it. Chesapeake Bay, largest inlet in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of the eastern United States. One study noted sea level fluctuations at periods of 5 days, driven by sea level changes at the Bay's mouth on the Atlantic coast and local lateral winds, and 2.5 days, caused by resonant oscillations driven by local longitudinal winds,[47] while another study later found that the geometry of the Bay permits for a resonant period of 1.46 days.[48]. In September 1781, during the Revolutionary War, the British intentionally sunk more than a dozen ships in the York River, near the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. Crabs are sometimes observed to amass on shore to escape pockets of oxygen-poor water, a behavior known as a "crab jubilee". They are unmistakable with their deep tans, their baggy shorts, their frayed polo shirts, their Top-Siders worn without socks. Other characteristic bay-area workboats include sail-powered boats such as the log canoe, the pungy, the bugeye, and the motorized Chesapeake Bay deadrise, the state boat of Virginia. Dennen, R. (2009-10-30). Efforts of federal, state and local governments, working in partnership through the Chesapeake Bay Program, an intergovernmental coalition, along with the Chesapeake Bay Foundation and other nonprofit environmental groups, to restore or at least maintain the current water quality, have had mixed results. Non-Tidal Variability in the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River: Evidence for Non-Local Forcing. Water that was once clear for meters is now so turbid that a wader may lose sight of his feet while his knees are still dry. Common submerged aquatic vegetation includes eelgrass and widgeon grass. The People’s Choice 2020 Word Of The Year: 2020 Was A $#@#%%$@! 8. pp. Wang, D.-P. 1979. [92], The 1976 hit "Moonlight Feels Right" by Starbuck refers to the Chesapeake Bay: "I'll take you on a trip beside the ocean / And drop the top at Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Bay (/ ˈ tʃ ɛ s ə p iː k / CHESS-ə-peek) is the largest estuary in the United States. What does chesapeake bay mean? 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